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This Day in History – December 2, 2011

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1697 St Paul’s Cathedral opens in London 1755 The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire. 1763 Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what became the United States. 1775 The USS Alfred becomes the first vessel to fly the Grand Union Flag (the precursor to the Stars and Stripes); the flag is hoisted by John Paul Jones. 1804 Napoleon Bonaparte crowned 1st emperor of France in Paris by Pope Pius VII 1812 James Madison re-elected President of US, Elbridge Gerry Vice-President 1816 1st savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society) 1822 In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US 1823 Monroe Doctrine: US President James Monroe delivers a speech establishing American neutrality in future European conflicts. 1840 William H Harrison elected President of US, John Tyler Vice-President 1845 Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West. 1883 Johannes Brahms’ 3rd Symphony in F, premieres 1887 Charles Dickens’ 1st public reading in US (New York NY) 1899 US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them 1901 King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades 1916 Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract 1927 1st Model A Fords sold, for $385 1929 1st skull of Peking man found, 50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien 1930 Great Depression: US President Herbert Hoover goes before the United States Congress and asks for a US$150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy. 1932 “Adventures of Charlie Chan” 1st heard on NBC-Blue radio network 1933 1st transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson) 1933 Fred Astaire’s 1st film, “Dancing Lady” is released 1934 5.08-m (200″) Mount Palomar Observatory mirror is cast 1939 British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC 1939 New York’s La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight 1941 Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor 1942 1st controlled nuclear chain reaction (Enrico Fermi-University of Chicago) 1943 A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including an American Liberty ship, the John Harvey, with a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas. 1947 Jerusalem Riots of 1947: Riots break out in Jerusalem in response to the approval of the 1947 UN Partition Plan. 1952 1st human birth televised to public (KOA-TV Denver CO) 1954 US Senate censures Joe McCarthy (Senator-R-WI) for “conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute” 1954 The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and the Republic of China, is signed in Washington, D.C.. 1956 Fidel Castro lands with “Granma” on coast of Cuba 1957 1st US full-scale atomic electric power plant-power generated, Shippingport PA 1961 Fidel Castro declares he’s a Marxist, & will lead Cuba to Communism 1962 Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of US President John F. Kennedy, US Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official not to make an optimistic public comment on the war’s progress. 1963 Major League Rules Committee bans oversized catcher’s mitts, effective in 1965 1968 President Nixon names Henry Kissinger security advisor 1969 Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle WA to New York NY) 1970 Environmental Protection Agency begins (Director: William Ruckelshaus) 1971 Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, and Umm Al Quwain form the United Arab Emirates. 1971 Soviet Mars 3 is 1st to soft land on Mars 1972 “December Giant” largest sinkhole in US collapses (Alabama) 1974 Cowhide, rather than just horsehide, can be used to make baseballs 1979 Crowds attack US embassy at Tripoli Libya 1980 Four U.S. nuns and churchwomen, Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Jean Donovan, and Dorothy Kazel, are murdered by a death squad in El Salvador. 1982 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (University of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with the Jarvic-7 heart 1986 Dow-Jones index hits record 1955.57 1987 “334” club forms as 334 brave Devil fans journey through 20″ of snow to attend New Jersey Devils 7-5 victory over Calgary at Meadowlands 1991 Muslim Shites release American held hostage in Lebanon (Joseph Cicippio) 1993 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellín. 1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3702.11 1994 Andrew Lloyd Webber admitted to the hospital for ulcer treatment 1994 Jury finds Heidi Fleiss guilty of running a call girl ring 2001 Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.]]]]> ]]>

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