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This Day in History – December 18, 2011

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218 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia – Hannibal’s Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic. 1271 – Kublai Khan renames his empire “Yuan” (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia and China. 1621 – English parliament accept unanimously, Protestation 1719 – Thomas Fleet publishes “Mother Goose’s Melodies For Children” 1777 – The United States celebrates its first Thanksgiving, marking the recent victory by the Americans over General John Burgoyne in the Battle of Saratoga in October. 1787 – New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1793 – Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French Royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck. 1796 – 1st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor) 1799 – George Washington’s body interred at Mount Vernon 1813 – British take Fort Niagara in the War of 1812 1839 – 1st celestial photograph (the moon) made in US, John Draper, New York NY 1849 – William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope 1859 – South Carolina declared an “independent commonwealth” 1865 – 1st US cattle importation law passed 1892 – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s ballet “Nutcracker Suite” premieres 1915 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt Wilson while president of the United States. 1917 – The resolution containing the language of the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition is passed by the United States Congress. 1920 – 1st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US 1946 – TV’s 1st network dramatic serial “Faraway Hill” ends 2 month run 1956 – Israeli flag hoisted on Mount Sinai 1957 – Shippingport Atomic Power Station, 1st nuke plant to generate electricity 1964 – “The Pink Panther” cartoon series premieres (Pink Phink) 1964 – During services held for Sam Cooke, fans caused damage to Funeral Home 1966 – Dr Seuss’ “How the Grinch Stole Christmas” airs for 1st time on CBS 1969 – Britain abolishes death penalty 1969 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1971 – People United To Save Humanity (PUSH) forms by Jesse Jackson in Chicago 1976 – “Wonder Woman” (starring Lynda Carter) debuts on ABC 1980 – Bruce Sprinsteen & the E-Street Band performs historic concert at Madison Square Garden 1987 – Larry Wall releases the first version of the Perl programming language. 1987 – Ivan F Boesky sentenced to 3 years for insider trading 1989 – “I Love Lucy” Christmas episode, shown for 1st time in over 30 years 1991 – DeForest Kelly (Dr McCoy on Star Trek) gets a star in Hollywood 1991 – General Motors announces the closing of 21 plants 1996 – The Oakland, California school board passes a resolution officially declaring “Ebonics” a language or dialect. 1997 – HTML 4.0 is published by the World Wide Web Consortium. 2002 – 2003 California recall: Then Governor of California Gray Davis announces that the state would face a record budget deficit of $35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier. 2010 – Governmental protests begin in Tunisia, beginning the 2010-2011 Middle East and North Africa protests]]]]> ]]>

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