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This Day in History – December 19, 2011

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0211 – Publius Septimius Geta, co-emperor of Rome, is lured to come without his bodyguards to meet his brother Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (Caracalla), to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrives the Praetorian Guard murders him and he dies in the arms of his mother Julia Domna. 1154 – Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey. 1606 – The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery depart England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States. 1686 – Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Defoe) 1732 – Benjamin Franklin (under the name Richard Saunders) begins publication of “Poor Richard’s Almanack” 1776 – Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in the Pennsylvania Journal titled The American Crisis, in which he wrote, “These are the times that try men’s souls” 1777 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington’s Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. 1795 – 1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky 1823 – Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law 1828 – South Carolina declares the right of states to nullify federal laws 1871 – Albert L Jones (New York NY), patents corrugated paper 1907 – A group of 239 coal miners die during a mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania. 1910 – 1st city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas (Baltimore) 1910 – Rayon 1st commercially produced, Marcus Hook PA 1918 – Robert Ripley began his “Believe It or Not” column (New York Globe) 1919 – American Meteorological Society found 1924 – The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England. 1932 – BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service 1941 – World War II: Adolf Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army. 1941 – US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WWII 1946 – War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi 1950 – General Eisenhower named NATO commander 1955 – Carl Perkins records “Blue Suede Shoes” 1958 – 1st radio broadcast from space (recorded Christmas message by President Eisenhower: “To all mankind, America’s wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere”) 1971 – CBS airs “Homecoming – A Christmas Story” (introducing the Waltons) 1971 – Stanley Kubrick’s X-rated “A Clockwork Orange” premieres 1972 – Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth. 1974 – Nelson A Rockefeller sworn-in as the 41st Vice-President 1975 – John Paul Stevens is appointed a justice of The United States Supreme Court. 1976 – Piper Cherokee crashes into Baltimore Memorial Stadium upper stands, 10 minutes after Colts lose 40-14 to Steelers; No one seriously hurt 1985 – Mary Lund is 1st woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart 1987 – Gari Kasparov becomes world chess champion 1995 – Queen Elizabeth askes Prince Charles & Diana to divorce 1998 – Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.]]]]> ]]>

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