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This Day in History – December 29, 2011

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1170 – Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church. 1778 – American Revolutionary War: 3,500 British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell capture Savannah, Georgia. 1786 – French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convened. 1812 – The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle. 1813 – British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York during the War of 1812. 1835 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States. 1845 – In accordance with International Boundary delimitation, U.S.A annexes the Mexican state of Texas, following the Manifest Destiny doctrine. The Republic of Texas, which had been independent since the Texas Revolution of 1836, is thereupon admitted as the 28th U.S. state. 1848 – Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk’s administration) 1851 – The first YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association) opens in Boston, Massachusetts. 1862 – Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat General Sherman 1862 – Bowling ball invented 1867 – First telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Company, New York 1890 – United States 7th Cavalry soldiers kill more than 200 Oglala Lakota people with four Hotchkiss guns in the Wounded Knee Massacre. 1891 – Edison patents “transmission of signals electrically” (radio) 1911 – San Francisco Symphony is formed 1913 – First movie serial, “Adventures of Kathlyn” premieres in Chicago IL. 1930 – Fred P. Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, MN, to New Orleans, LA 1948 – US State Department announces work on placing objects into Earth orbit 1949 – KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule. 1952 – First transistorized hearing aid offered for sale (Elmsford NY) 1959 – Physicist Richard Feynman gives a speech entitled “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom”, which is regarded as the birth of nanotechnology. 1967 – Star Trek’s “The Trouble With Tribbles” premieres 1972 – Life magazine ceases publication 1975 – A bomb explodes at La Guardia Airport in New York City, killing 11 people and injuring 74. 1989 – Wayne Gretzky & Martina Navratilova are named athletes of the decade by the Associated Press 1997 – Hong Kong begins to kill all the nation’s 1.25 million chickens to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain. 1997 – Orville Lynn Majors, 36, arrested for many deaths under his care 1998 – Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over 1 million lives. 2003 – The last known speaker of Akkala Sami dies, rendering the language extinct.]]]]> ]]>

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