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This Day in History – January 1, 2012

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0042 BC – The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar 0045 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time. 0001 – Origin of Christian Era 0313 – Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction 0990 – Russia adopts Julian calendar 1583 – First day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders 1600 – Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25. 1610 – German astronomer Simon Marius First discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1, 1610 1622 – Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25) 1651 – Charles II is crowned King of Scotland. 1739 – Bouvet Island (near Antarctica) is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier. 1772 – The first traveler’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England. 1773 – The hymn that became known as “Amazing Grace”, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17” is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, England. 1776 – General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag 1781 – American Revolutionary War: 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne’s command rebel against the Continental Army’s winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781. 1788 – First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published. 1800 – The Dutch East India Company is dissolved. 1801 – The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi. 1801 – The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 1808 – The importation of slaves into the United States is banned by an action of the US Congress. 1831 – William Lloyd Garrison publishes First issue of abolitionist journal 1833 – The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. 1847 – The world’s first “Mercy” Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Sisters of Mercy, the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world. 1861 – President Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful. 1863 – American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory. 1863 – The first claim under the Homestead Act is made by Daniel Freeman for a farm in Nebraska. 1874 – New York City annexes the Bronx 1877 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India. 1892 – Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States. 1898 – New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs. 1899 – Cuba liberated from Spain by US (National Day) (US occupies till 1902) 1901 – The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister. 1908 – For the first time, a ball is dropped in New York, New York’s Times Square to signify the start of the New Year at midnight. 1932 – The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington’s birth. 1934 – Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison. 1934 – Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective 1935 – First Sugar Bowl & First Orange Bowl 1935 – Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto 1936 – First newspaper to microfilm its current issues, New York Herald Tribune 1937 – Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in the United Kingdom. 1942 – Rose Bowl played in North Carolina due to Japanese threat-Oregon 20, Duke 16 1947 – The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, that later became West Germany. 1947 – The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen. 1948 – First color newsreel filmed, Pasadena CA 1949 – United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly. 1956 – Elvis Presley records Heartbreak Hotel for RCA in Nashville 1960 – Johnny Cash plays First of many free concerts behind bars 1960 – US census at 179,245,000 1962 – United States Navy SEALs established. 1962 – Beatles’ Decca audition is unsuccessful. 1965 – The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan. 1966 – A twelve-day New York City transit strike begins, shuts down NYC subway system. 1966 – All US cigarette packs have to carry “Caution: Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health.” 1968 – Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump Cæsar’s Palace Fountain 1970 – Unix time begins at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT. 1971 – Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television. 1976 – Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall 1976 – NBC replaces the peacock logo 1978 – President Ford signs First major revision of copyright law since 1909 1979 – Formal diplomatic relations are established between the China and the United States. 1984 – The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T. 1985 – VH-1 made its broadcasting debut 1990 – David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City’s first black mayor. 1994 – North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect 1998 – The European Central Bank is established. 1998 – All California bars, clubs & card rooms must be smoke-free 1998 – US Census Bureau estimates population at 268,921,733 2007 – Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board. 2012 – Kim Jong-un is officially declared the new Supreme Leader of North Korea.   2304 – Mid-CALENDAR day 6000 – First reversible date since 11/11/1999]]]]> ]]>

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