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This Day in History – January 17, 2012

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1501 – Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna 1648 – England’s Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. 1773 – Captain James Cook and his crew become the first Europeans to sail below the Antarctic Circle. 1779 – Captain Cook’s last notation in ship’s log Discovery 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cowpens – Continental troops under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan defeat British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton at the battle in South Carolina. 1821 – México permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas 1861 – Flush toilet (with separate water tank and a pull chain) patented by Mr Thomas Crapper 1871 – 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873) 1874 – Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction 1893 – The Citizen’s Committee of Public Safety, led by Lorrin A. Thurston, overthrows the government of Queen Liliuokalani of the Kingdom of Hawaii. 1899 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean. 1912 – Captain Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen. 1916 – 1st PGA Championship Jim Barnes at Siwanoy Country Club, Bronxville NY; Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms 1917 – US pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands 1929 – Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip “Thimble Theatre” 1945 – Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation 1946 – United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting 1950 – The Great Brinks Robbery – 11 thieves steal more than $2 million from an armored car Company’s offices in Boston, Massachusetts. 1955 – Submarine USS Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage 1961 – Eisenhower allegedly orders the assassination of Congo’s Former Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba 1961 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military-industrial complex”. 1962 – NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690 meters 1966 – A B-52 bomber collides with a KC-135 Stratotanker over Spain, dropping three 70-kiloton nuclear bombs near the town of Palomares and another one into the sea in the Palomares incident. 1969 – Debut album of Led Zeppelin released in US 1972 – Section of Memphis’ Highway 51 South renamed Elvis Presley Blvd 1977 – Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore is executed by a firing squad in Utah, ending a ten-year moratorium on capital punishment in the United States. 1982 – “Cold Sunday” – in the United States temperatures fell to their lowest levels in over 100 years in numerous cities. 1984 – Supreme Court rules (5-4) private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws 1989 – Cleveland School massacre: Patrick Purdy opens fire with an assault rifle at the Cleveland Elementary School playground in Stockton, California, killing five children and wounding 29 others and one teacher before taking his own life. 1989 – Victoria Murden & Shirley Metz are 1st women to reach South Pole overland (on skis) 1992 – Sarah Ferguson attends dinner of Everglades club (club excludes Jews) 1994 – A magnitude 6.7 earthquake hits Northridge, California outside of Los Angeles, killing 60 and doing $30 billion in damage 1995 – A magnitude 7.3 earthquake hits near Kobe, Japan, causing extensive property damage and killing 6,434 people 1995 – Los Angeles Rams announce that they are moving to St Louis 1997 – NBA suspends Dennis Rodman indefinitely/$25,000 for kicking cameraman 1998 – Lewinsky scandal: Matt Drudge breaks the story of the Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky affair on his website The Drudge Report. 1998 – President Clinton faces sexual harassment charges from Paula Jones 2001 – U.S. President Bill Clinton posthumously raises Meriwether Lewis’ rank from Lieutenant to Captain. 2002 – Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people. 2007 – The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea nuclear testing. 2008 – British Airways Flight 38 crash lands just short of London Heathrow Airport in England with no fatalities. It is the first complete hull loss of a Boeing 777. 2010 – Rioting begins between Muslim and Christian groups in Jos, Nigeria, resulting in at least 200 deaths.]]]]> ]]>

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