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This Day in History – January 23, 2012




0638 – Start of Islamic calendar 1492 – “Pentateuch” (Jewish holy book) 1st printed 1510 – Henry VIII of England, then 18 years old, appears incognito in the lists at Richmond, and is applauded for his jousting before he reveals his identity. 1533 – Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England, discovers herself pregnant. 1552 – 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes mandatory in England 1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000. 1570 – James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such. 1571 – Queen Elizabeth I opens Royal Exchange in London. 1668 – England, Netherlands & Sweden signs Triple Alliance against French 1789 – Georgetown College, the first Catholic University in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.) 1812 – 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri 1845 – Uniform US election day for President & Vice President authorized 1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States’ first female doctor. 1849 – Patent granted for an envelope-making machine 1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge. 1856 – Steamer Pacific lost 1861 – Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, imports 100,000 cuttings of 350 varieties from Europe 1865 – General Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies 1870 – 173 Blackfoot Indians (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army 1870 – In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in the Marias Massacre. 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: the Battle of Rorke’s Drift ends. 1897 – Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction. 1909 – 1st radio rescue at sea 1912 – The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague. 1924 – Ramsey MacDonald forms 1st Labour government in Britain 1930 – Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto 1930 – George Washington Birthplace National Monument VA established 1937 – In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin’s regime and assassinate its leaders. 1941 – Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler. 1943 – Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time. 1950 – Israeli Knesset (Congress) resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel 1957 – American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, who later rename it the “Frisbee”. 1961 – Supreme Court rules cities & states have right to censor films 1962 – Bob Feller & Jackie Robinson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame 1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified. 1968 – North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo (AGER-2), claiming the ship had violated their territorial waters while spying. 1973 – President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam. 1977 – Miniseries “Roots” premieres on ABC 1979 – Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame 1981 – 1st Richard Nixon museum opens (San Clemente CA) 1983 – “A-Team” with Mr T premieres on NBC 1983 – Björn Borg announces his retirement from tennis 1983 – Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $14,700,000 1986 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley. 1991 – “Seinfeld” debuts on NBC-TV 1991 – World’s largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait 1993 – New York Newsday reports Oregon’s Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 23 women 1997 – Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State. 2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in FBI custody. 2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered . 2003 – Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10, which was launched in March of 1972 and became first spacecraft to achieve escape velocity from the Solar System. It was also the first spacecraft to successfully complete a study of Jupiter. 3268 – Beginning of 2nd Julian Period]]]]> ]]>

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