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This Day in History – November 13, 2011

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1002 English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice’s Day massacre. 1775 American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Col. Ethan Allen attack Montreal, Quebec, defended by British General Guy Carleton. 1789 Ben Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes” 1830 Oliver Wendell Holmes publishes “Old Ironsides” 1839 1st US anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in NY 1841 James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnotism. 1843 Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts 1849 Peter Burnett elected 1st governor of California 1851 The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers in what would become Seattle, Washington. 1865 PT Barnum’s New American museum opens in Bridgeport 1865 US issues 1st gold certificates 1868 American Philological Association organized in NY 1875 Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms 1875 National Bowling Association organized in NYC 1887 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London. 1895 1st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii 1933 1st modern sit-down strike, Hormel meat packers, Austin, MN 1937 NBC forms 1st full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio 1940 Walt Disney’s “Fantasia” released 1942 Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18 1942 World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Battle of Guadalcanal. 1946 1st artificial snow produced from a natural cloud, Mt Greylock, MA 1947 The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles. 1956 The United States Supreme Court declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott. 1964 Bob Petit (St Louis Hawks) becomes 1st NBAer to score 20,000 points 1965 “Yarmouth Castle” burns & sinks off Bahamas, killing 89 1969 VP Spiro T Agnew accused network TV news depths of bias & distortion 1969 Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, D.C. stage a symbolic March Against Death. 1970 Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night. This is regarded as the 20th century’s worst natural disaster. 1970 VP Spiro Agnew calls TV executives “impudent snobs” 1971 The American space probe, Mariner 9, becomes the first spacecraft to orbit another planet successfully, swinging into its planned trajectory around Mars. 1973 Oakland A’s Reggie Jackson wins AL MVP unanimously 1979 Ronald Reagan in NY announces his candidacy for President 1982 Ray Mancini defeats Duk Koo Kim in a boxing match held in Las Vegas, Nevada. Kim’s subsequent death (on November 17) leads to significant changes in the sport. 1982 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans. 1985 The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people. 1985 Xavier Suarez is sworn in as Miami, Florida’s first Cuban-born mayor. 1988 Mulugeta Seraw, an Ethiopian law student in Portland, Oregon is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride. 1995 A truck-bomb explodes outside of a US-operated Saudi Arabian National Guard training center in Riyadh, killing five Americans and two Indians. A group called the Islamic Movement for Change claims responsibility. 2001 War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States. 2002 Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441. 2002 The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill]]]]> ]]>

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