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This Day in History – November 7, 2011

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1492 The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France. 1775 John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore’s Offer of Emancipation, which offers freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with Murray and the British. 1786 The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society. 1805 Lewis & Clark 1st sight Pacific Ocean 1811 Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States. 1837 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time. 1861 American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive. 1865 London Gazette, oldest surviving journal, is founded 1872 Mary Celeste sails from NY to Genoa; found abandoned 4 weeks later 1874 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by T Nast 1876 Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to receive a PhD in US college (Yale) 1876 President Rutherford B Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory 1893 Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote. 1907 Delta Sigma Pi is founded at New York University. 1907 Jesús García saves the entire town of Nacozari de Garcia, Sonora by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers away before it can explode. 1908 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia. 1910 The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse. 1914 The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published. 1916 Jeannette Rankin (Mont-R-Rep) 1st woman Representative 1916 Woodrow Wilson (D) re-elected President 1917 October Revolution (Oct 26 OS) in Russia, Lenin seizes power 1918 Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets 1918 United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed 1918 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year. 1929 In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public. 1933 Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports 1934 Arthur L Mitchell, becomes 1st black Democratic congressman (Ill) 1940 Tacoma Narrows (Galloping Gertie) Bridge collapses, Wash 1941 World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia is sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimean hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking. 1942 1st US President to broadcast in a foreign language-FDR in French 1944 FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E Dewey (R) 1955 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas 1957 Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters. 1962 Richard Nixon quits politics-You won’t have Nixon to kick around 1964 NL keeps Braves in Milwaukee in 1965, can move to Atlanta in 1966 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 launched by US 1967 Carl B Stokes elected 1st black mayor of a major city-Cleveland, Ohio 1967 LBJ signs a bill establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting 1972 President Nixon (R) re-elected defeating George McGovern (D) 1973 NJ becomes 1st state to allow girls into the little league 1973 The U.S. Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval. 1976 “Gone With the Wind” televised 1982 Liz Taylor’s 7th divorce (John Warner) 1983 Ali Haji-Sheikh kicks his 2nd NY Giant record 56 yard field goal 1983 Bomb explodes in US Capitol, causing heavy damage but no injuries 1988 MLB all stars beat Japan 16-8 (Game 3 of 7) 1988 Sugar Ray Leonard KO’s Donnie LaLonde 1989 Douglas Wilder elected 1st US black governor (D-Va) 1990 Mary Robinson becomes the first woman to be elected President of the Republic of Ireland. 1991 Magic Johnson announces he has HIV virus & retires from Lakers 1994 WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provides the world’s first internet radio broadcast. 1996 NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor. 2000 Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States, although actually she still was the First Lady. 2000 Controversial US presidential election that is later resolved in the Bush v. Gore Supreme Court Case. 2000 The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country’s largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas. 2002 Iran bans advertising of United States products. 2004 War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day “state of emergency” as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.]]]]> ]]>

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