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This Day in History – November 9, 2011




694 Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery. 1620 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts. 1821 1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia 1851 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape. 1853 Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of the Sun 1857 The Atlantic founded in Boston. 1858 1st performance of NY Symphony Orchestra 1861 The first documented football match in Canada is played at University College, University of Toronto. 1862 American Civil War: Union General Ambrose Burnside assumes command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan is removed. 1862 US Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him 1872 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. 1877 American Chemical Society chartered in NY 1885 The opera “Ermine” is produced (London) 1887 The United States receives rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. 1888 Jack the Ripper kills Mary Jane Kelly, his last known victim. 1904 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes 1906 Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal. 1913 The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, the most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the lakes, destroys 19 ships and kills more than 250 people. 1917 Joseph Stalin enters the provisional government of Bolshevik Russia. 1924 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson becomes 1st elected woman governor (of Texas) 1927 Giant Panda discovered, China 1935 The Congress of Industrial Organizations is founded in Atlantic City, New Jersey by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor. 1938 Al Capp, cartoonist of Lil’ Abner creates Sadie Hawkins Day 1953 Supreme Court rules Major League baseball exempt from anti-trust laws 1960 Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he quit to join the newly-elected John F. Kennedy administration. 1961 PGA eliminates Caucasians only rule 1965 Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout of 1965. 1965 Catholic Worker member Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building. 1967 Apollo program: NASA launches the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft atop the first Saturn V rocket from Cape Kennedy, Florida. 1967 First issue of Rolling Stone Magazine is published. 1970 Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war. 1970 Trial of Seattle 8 anti-war protesters begins 1979 Nuclear false alarm: the NORAD computers and the Alternate National Military Command Center in Fort Ritchie, Maryland detected purported massive Soviet nuclear strike. After reviewing the raw data from satellites and checking the early warning radars, the alert is cancelled. 1982 Sugar Ray Leonard retires for the 1st time 1984 Vietnam Veterans Memorial (“3 Servicemen”) completed 1989 Cold War: Fall of the Berlin Wall. Communist-controlled East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to travel to West Germany. This key event led to the eventual reunification of East and West Germany. 1993 Stari most, the “old bridge” in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing. 1994 The chemical element Darmstadtium is discovered. 1998 A US federal judge ordered 37 US brokerage houses to pay 1.03 billion USD to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history. 1998 Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences. 2005 Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people. 2007 The German Bundestag passes the controversial data retention bill mandating storage of citizens’ telecommunications traffic data for six months without probable cause.]]]]> ]]>

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