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This Day in History – October 17, 2011




539 BC Cyrus the Great marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile. Cyrus allows the Jews to return to Yehud Medinata and rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem. 1091 London Tornado of 1091: A tornado thought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London. 1346 Battle of Neville’s Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years. 1604 Kepler’s Star: German astronomer Johannes Kepler observes a supernova in the constellation Ophiuchus. 1660 Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered. 1662 Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds. 1691 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth 1771 Premiere in Milan of the opera Ascanio in Alba, composed by Wolfgang Mozart, age 15. 1777 American Revolutionary War: British General John Burgoyne surrenders his army at Saratoga, New York. 1781 American Revolutionary War: British General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrenders at the Siege of Yorktown. 1814 London Beer Flood occurs in London, killing nine. 1855 Bessemer steelmaking process patented 1860 1st pro golf tournament held (Scotland) (Willie Park wins) 1871 President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus 1904 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors 1919 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created 1920 Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0 1931 Al Capone convicted of income tax evasion. 1933 Albert Einstein flees Nazi Germany and moves to the United States. 1941 For the first time in World War II, a German submarine attacks an American ship. 1941 German troops execute the male population of the villages Kerdyllia in Serres, Greece. 1956 The first commercial nuclear power station is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield,in Cumbria, England. 1959 Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse 1961 NY Museum of Modern Art hung Henri Matisse’s “Le Bateau” upside-down, It wasn’t corrected until December 3rd 1961 Scores of Algerian protesters (some claim up to 400) are massacred by the Paris police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Prefecture of Police. 1964 Yanks fire Manager Yogi Berra 1965 The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair closes after a two year run. More than 51 million people had attended the two-year event. 1966 A fire at a building in New York, New York kills 12 firefighters, the New York City Fire Department’s deadliest day until the September 11, 2001 attacks. 1966 Botswana and Lesotho join the United Nations. 1967 The play “Hair” is 1st performed 1968 Black American athletes make a silent protest against racism at the Olympics 1970 Montreal, Quebec: Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte murdered by members of the FLQ terrorist group. 1973 OPEC starts an oil embargo against a number of western countries, considered to have helped Israel in its war against Syria. 1975 1st Space Shuttle main engine test at Natl Space Tech Labs, Miss 1977 German Autumn: Four days after it is hijacked, Lufthansa Flight 181 lands in Mogadishu, Somalia, where a team of German GSG 9 commandos later rescues all remaining hostages on board. 1978 Pres Carter signs bill restoring Jefferson Davis citizenship 1979 Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 1979 The Department of Education Organization Act is signed into law creating the US Department of Education and US Department of Health and Human Services. 1986 US Senate approved immigration bill prohibiting hiring of illegal aliens & offered amnesty to illegals who entered prior to 1982 1987 1st lady Nancy Reagan undergoes a modified radical mastectomy 1987 1st World Series game in a covered stadium (Minnesota Metrodome) (World Series #84) 1988 Rockin Robin beats “Sensational” Sherri Martel for WWF women’s title 1989 Earthquake in SF (6.9) cancels 3rd game of 86th World Series – kills 67 1991 News anchor Bree Walker Lampley files an FCC complaint that LA radio KFI-AM personally attacked her by discussing her having a disformed baby 1998 At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline. 2010 Mary MacKillop is canonized (in Rome) and becomes the first saint of Australia.]]]]> ]]>

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