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This Day in History – October 27, 2011

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312 Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. 1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam. 1553 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva. 1682 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded. 1775 US Navy established 1787 Federalist letters start appearing in NY newspapers 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo, provides free navigation of Mississippi 1795 The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S. 1810 United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida. 1838 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated. 1858 RH Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $1106 1893Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Ga & Charleston SC 1896 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!) 1904 The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world. 1916 1st published reference to “jazz” appears (Variety) 1919 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim 1920 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva 1922 1st commemoration of Navy Day 1925 Water skis patented by Fred Waller 1936 Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne. 1938 DuPont announces its new synthetic fiber will be called “nylon” 1941 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan 1947 “You Bet Your Life”, with Groucho Marx, premieres on ABC radio 1954 Walt Disney’s 1st TV show, “Disneyland,” premieres on ABC 1954 Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force. 1959 Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico 1961 American Basketball League starts play 1961 Mauritania and Mongolia join the United Nations. 1962 Major Rudolf Anderson of the United States Air Force becomes the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane is shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile. 1964 Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launched his political career and came to be known as “A Time for Choosing”. 1967 Catholic priest Philip Berrigan and others of the Baltimore Four protest the Vietnam War by pouring blood on Selective Service records. 1969 Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization known as Nader’s Raiders 1971 The Democratic Republic of the Congo is renamed Zaire. 1973 The Cañon City meteorite, a 1.4 kg chondrite type meteorite, strikes in Fremont County, Colorado. 1973 Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6 1977 NASA launches space vehicle S-200 1978 President Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill 1979 Islanders score 2 goals within 6 seconds 3 goals within 44 seconds 1979 Voluntary Euthanasia Society publishes how-to-do-it suicide guide 1980 Dave Gryllis sets world bicycle speed record of 94.37 kph 1982 China announces its population at 1 billion people plus 1985 Thieves steal 9 paintings, including 5 Monet’s & 2 Renoir’s 1986 The British government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang. 1988 “ET” released to home video (14 million presold) 1988 Larry Flynt paid hitman $1M to kill Hefner, Guccione & Sinatra 1988 Ronald Reagan decides to tear down the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure. 1992 United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmate Terry M. Helvey for being gay, precipitating first military, then national, debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States “Don’t ask, don’t tell” military policy. 1994 The U.S. prison population tops 1 million for the first time in American history. 1994 Gliese 229B is the first Substellar Mass Object to be unquestionably identified. 1997 October 27, 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. 1999 Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members. 2004 The Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the first time in 86 years.]]]]> ]]>

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