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This Day in History – October 30, 2011

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1270 8th & last crusade is launched 1831 In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave rebellion in United States history. 1864 Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at “Last Chance Gulch”. 1871 Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant 1888 1st ballpoint pen patented 1919 Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of the spitball 1938 Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, causing anxiety in some of the audience in the United States. 1941 1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Belzec extermination camp. 1944 Anne Frank and sister Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. 1945 US government announces end of shoe rationing 1945 Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color barrier. 1947 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded. 1948 20 die & 6,000 made ill by smog in Donora Pennsylvania 1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses “The Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican. 1953 Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat. 1954 Defense Department announces elimination of all segregated regiments 1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. 1961 Nuclear testing: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 50 megatons of yield, it is still the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise. 1961 Because of “violations of Lenin’s precepts”, it is decreed that Joseph Stalin’s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin wall with a plain granite marker instead. 1965 Vietnam War: Just miles from Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by wave after wave of Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. Among the dead, a sketch of Marine positions is found on the body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before. 1970 In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War. 1974 The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire. 1975 NY Daily News runs headline “Ford to City: Drop Dead” 1976 Jane Pauley becomes news co-anchor of the Today Show 1988 NY Jets finally beat Pittsburgh Steelers for 1st time 1991 Mid East peace conference begins in Madrid Spain]]]]> ]]>

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