1609 Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen. 1758 Charles Messier observes the Crab Nebula & begins catalog1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission1857 The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13–15 tons of gold from the San Francisco Gold Rush. 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded. 1919 Adolf Hitler joins the German Workers Party. 1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction. 1940 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)1940 Cave paintings are discovered in Lascaux, France. 1942 World War II: RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks with a heavy loss of life. 1944 World War II: The liberation of Serbia from Nazi Germany and the Chetniks continues. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia is among those liberated cities. Near Trier, American troops enter Germany for the first time. 1952 Strange occurrences, including a monster sighting, take place in Flatwoods, West Virginia. 1959 Premiere of Bonanza, the first regularly scheduled TV program presented in color. 1959 The Soviet Union launches a large rocket, Lunik II, at the moon. 1964 Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park. 1966 Gemini 11, the penultimate mission of NASA’s Gemini program, and the current human altitude record holder (except for the Apollo lunar missions) 1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman. 1976 Seattle Seahawks play 1st regular-season game (St L 30, Sea 24)1976 White Sox Minnie Minoso at age 53 hits a single1978 Situation comedy “Taxi” premiers on ABC television1983 A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut, United States, is robbed of approximately US$7 million by Los Macheteros. 1983 The USSR vetoes a UN Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet shooting down of a Korean civilian jetliner on September 1. 1988 Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica1990 US, England, France, USSR, East & West Germanys sign agreements allowing the 2 Germanys to merge1992 NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board are Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space, Mamoru Mohri, the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spaceship, and Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space. 1994 Frank Eugene Corder crashes a single-engine Cessna 150 into the White House’s south lawn, striking the West wing and killing himself. 2003 The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. 2005 Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny’s Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong. 2007 Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted of the crime of plunder.]]]]> ]]>See a typo? Report it here.