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This Day in History – September 20, 2011

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451 The Battle of Châlons takes place in North Eastern France. Flavius Aetius’s victory over Attila the Hun in a day of combat, is considered to be the largest battle in the ancient world. 1498 A tsunami washes away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan; since then the Buddha has sat in the open air. 1519 Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe. 1633 Galileo Galilee is tried before the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith for teaching that the Earth orbits the Sun. 1664 Maryland enacts 1st anti-amalgamation law to prevent widespread intermarriage of English women & black men 1737 The finish of the Walking Purchase which forces the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony. 1848 The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created. 1854 Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea. 1859 Patent granted on the electric range 1860 The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States. 1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan) 1881 Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States following the assassination of James Garfield. 1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP 1891 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. 1933 Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2 1942 Holocaust in Letychiv, Ukraine. In the course of two days the German SS murders at least 3,000 Jews. 1946 The first Cannes Film Festival is held. 1948 Mexican Baseball league disbanded 1958 Martin Luther King Jr stabbed in chest by a deranged black woman in NYC 1962 James Meredith, an African-American, is temporarily barred from entering the University of Mississippi. 1973 Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in The Battle of the Sexes tennis match at the Houston Astrodome in Houston, Texas. 1973 Willie Mays announces retirement at end of 1973 season 1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter’s interview that he lusts for women 1976 Sid Berstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion 1977 The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations. 1980 Plaque dedicated in Thurman Munson’s memory at Yankee Stadium 1982 The National Football League players begin a 57-day strike. 1984 A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twenty-two people. 1985 Walt Disney World’s 200-millionth guest 1987 Walter Payton scores NFL record 107th rushing touchdown 1990 Both Germany’s ratify reunification 1990 South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia. 2000 The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile. 2001 In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a “war on terror”.]]]]> ]]>

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