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This Day in History – September 23, 2011

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1642 First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College. 1780 American Revolution: British Major John André is arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold’s change of sides. 1779 In the early phase of the battle of Flamborough Head, while commanding the USS Bonhomme Richard, US Admiral John Paul Jones shouted a response to Captain Richard Pearson of the HMS Serapis. As to his plans to surrender, Jones said, “Surrender? I have not yet begun to fight. I may sink, but I’ll be damned if I strike!” 1806 Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States. 1845 The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York. 1846 Neptune is discovered by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; the discovery is verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle. 1862 Lincoln’s Emancipation is published in Northern Newspapers 1889 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda. 1897 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming) 1905 Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries. 1909 The Phantom of the Opera (original title: Le Fantôme de l’Opéra), a novel by French writer Gaston Leroux, is first published as a serialization in Le Gaulois. 1938 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World’s Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman’s hat, man’s pipe & 1,100′ of microfilm) 1941 World War II: The first gas chamber experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. 1952 Richard Nixon makes his “Checkers speech”. 1952 1st closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event 1961 1st movie to become a TV series-How to Marry a Millionaire 1962 ABC’s 1st color TV series-The Jetsons 1962 The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the completion of the first building, the Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) home of the New York Philharmonic. 1969 The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago. 1969 Northern Star starts rumor that Paul McCartney is dead 1976 Ford-Carter TV debate 1977 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on Charlie’s Angels 1978 100,000 cheering Egyptians welcome Sadat home from Camp David summit 1979 Jane Fonda & 200,000 attend anti-nuke rally in Battery Park, NYC 1983 Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations. 1983 Gulf Air Flight 771 is bombed, killing all 117 people on board. 1984 SF 49er Joe Montana misses his 1st start in 49 games 1984 Sparky Anderson is 1st manager to win 100 games in both leagues 1986 Jim Deshaies of the Houston Astros sets the major-league record by striking out the first eight batters of the game against the Los Angeles Dodgers. 1988 Jose Canseco becomes baseball’s 1st to steal 40 bases & hit 40 HRs 1990 PBS begins an 11 hour miniseries on The Civil War 1990 Saddam says he will destroy Israel 1999 Qantas Flight 1 overruns the runway in Bangkok during a storm. Although some passengers only receive minor injuries, it is still the worst crash in Qantas’s history since 1960. 2002 The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox (“Phoenix 0.1”) is released. 2004 Hurricane Jeanne: At least 1,070 in Haiti are reported to have been killed by floods.]]]]> ]]>

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